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Grade: 5,    Subject: LanguageArts,    Topic: Reading Non-Fiction
See the following text/image to answer questions 1 through 5
Prior to the coming of the Spanish in the 16th century, northern Chile was under Inca rule while Araucanian Indians (also known as Mapuches) inhabited central and southern Chile. Although Chile declared its independence in 1810, decisive victory over the Spanish was not achieved until 1818. In the War of the Pacific (1879-83), Chile defeated Peru and Bolivia and won its present northern regions. It was not until the 1880s that the Araucanian Indians were completely subjugated. A three-year-old Marxist government of Salvador Allende was overthrown in 1973 by a military coup led by Augusto Pinochet, who ruled until a freely elected president was installed in 1990. Sound economic policies, maintained consistently since the 1980s, have contributed to steady growth, reduced poverty rates by over half, and have helped secure the country's commitment to democratic and representative government. Chile has increasingly assumed regional and international leadership roles befitting its status as a stable, democratic nation.
 
Question 1:
Answer the following question.

Who were Mapuches?

Native inhabitants of central and southern Chile.Incas from northern Chile.

Native inhabitants of central and southern Peru.Native inhabitants of northern Chile.
 
Question 2:
Answer the following question.

How long did it take Chileans to achieve actual victory after declaring independence?

4 years1800 years

8 years10 years
 
Question 3:
Answer the following question.

Who did Chile defeat to acquire its northern region?

Araucanian IndiansPeru and Bolivia

SpainMarxist government
 
Question 4:
Answer the following question.

How did the Salvador Allende's government end?

Replaced by the Marxist government.Overthrown in free election by Augusto Pinochet.

Overthrown in a military coup by Augusto Pinochet.He died in 1973.
 
Question 5:
Answer the following question.

What act by the government brought steady growth and reduced poverty rates to Chile?

International leadershipFree election

Independence in 1810Sound economic policies
 
Question 6:
Answer the following question.

Select the most appropriate title for the paragraph.

A Philosophical IdeaOverview of Philosophy

Philosophy as a Critical ThinkingA New Discipline
 
See the following text/image to answer questions 6 through 10
Philosophy as a discipline is not easy to define precisely. Issuing from a sense of wonderment about life and the world, it often involves a keen interest in major questions about ourselves, our experience, and our place in the universe as a whole. But philosophy is also reflectively concerned with the methods its practitioners employ in the effort to resolve such questions. Emerging as a central feature of Western culture, philosophy is a tradition of thinking and writing about particular issues in special ways.

Thus, philosophy must be regarded both as content and as activity. Philosophy considers alternative views of what is real and the development of reasons for accepting them. It requires both a careful, sympathetic reading of classical texts and a critical, logical examination of the arguments they express. It offers all of us the chance to create and adopt significant beliefs about life and the world, but it also requires each of us to acquire the habits of critical thinking.
 
Question 7:
Answer the following question.

What is the position of philosophy in Western culture?

It is a central feature of Western culture.It is despised in Western culture.

It is an essential subject in schools.Some people enjoy it in Western culture.
 
Question 8:
Answer the following question.

What kind of habit is empowered by the philosophy?

Our experienceAccepting reasons

ReflectivityCritical thinking
 
Question 9:
Answer the following question.

What is supposed to be done to the alternate views in a philosophical analysis?

Read and write about them.Development of reasons for rejecting them.

Development of reasons for accepting them.Promotion of sympathetic reading about them.
 
Question 10:
Answer the following question.

What is the primary objective of the author of the paragraph?

Present a very complex picture of philosophy to the audience.Introduce basics of philosophy to the audience.

Justify critical thinking.Argue that philosophy can be fun.
 
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