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Grade: 3,    Subject: LanguageArts,    Topic: Reading Non-Fiction
See the following text/image to answer questions 1 through 10
Antarctica


Antarctica is located around the South Pole and it is the southernmost continent. It is surrounded by the Southern Ocean. Southern Ocean is surrounded by the Pacific, Atlantic, and Indian Oceans. Antarctica covers more than fourteen million square km. It is the fifth-largest continent. Its coastline that is mostly made of ice formations, is approximately 17,968 kilometers long.

The Antarctic ice sheet covers about 98% of Antarctica. This ice sheet is very think. The average thickness this ice sheet is about 1.6 kilometers. Antarctica continent has approximately ninety percent of the world's ice and approximately seventy percent of the world's fresh water. Antarctica does not get very much snow or rain. Most of its interior land gets about 20 centimeters of snow per year.

Western Antarctica is covered by the West Antarctic Ice Sheet. The sheet has been of recent concern because of the real, if small, possibility of its collapse. If the sheet were to break down, ocean levels would rise by several meters in a relatively geologically short period of time, perhaps a matter of centuries. Several Antarctic ice streams, which account for about 10% of the ice sheet, flow to one of the many Antarctic ice shelves.

The highest peak in Antarctica is 4,892 meters tall. It is called Vinson Massif. This peak is located in the Ellsworth Mountains. There are many volcanoes in Antarctica but only the Mount Erebus is an active volcano. The last giant volcanic eruption seen on the Antarctic was the eruption of volcano called Deception Island. It erupted in 1970. There was an underwater volcano was also discovered in the Antarctic Peninsula.

Surface of the Antarctica is always frozen, however there are approximately seventy lakes that lie thousands of meters under the surface of the ice sheet. Lake Vostok, discovered in 1996, is the largest of these subglacial lakes.
 
Question 1:
Which oceans surround Southern Ocean?

Pacific Ocean and Atlantic OceanIndian Ocean

Atlantic OceanPacific, Atlantic, and Indian Oceans
 
Question 2:
Which of the following fact about the Antarctica is NOT correct?

Antarctica is located around the South Pole.It is the largest continent.

There are many volcanoes in Antarctica.Surface of the Antarctica is always frozen.
 
Question 3:
How much area does the Antarctica have?

more than forty million square kmmore than 4,892 meters

more than fourteen million square km17,968 kilometers
 
Question 4:
What is the coastline of Antarctica made of?

ice formationsgrassland

forestsrocks
 
Question 5:
Which of the following covers about 98% of Antarctica?

mountainsgrass

lakesice sheet
 
Question 6:
How thick is the Antarctic ice sheet?

about 16 kilometersabout 1.6 kilometers

about 20 millimetersabout 17,968 kilometers
 
Question 7:
Which continent has approximately ninety percent of the world's ice?

ArcticOceania

EuropeAntarctica
 
Question 8:
Where is the Vinson Massif peak located?

in the Mount Erebusin Lake Vostok

in the Ellsworth Mountainsin Deception Island
 
Question 9:
What will happen if the West Antarctic Ice Sheet breaks down?

ocean level will riseocean level will drop

volcanoes will become activeOzone layer will be depleted
 
Question 10:
How tall is the highest peak in Antarctica?

4,092 meters4,892 meters

17,968 kilometers20 centimeters
 
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