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Grade: 3,    Subject: LanguageArts,    Topic: Reading Non-Fiction
See the following text/image to answer questions 1 through 10
Wright Brothers


Orville Wright and Wilbur Wright were two brothers who are credited with building the world's first successful airplane. They flew their first controlled, powered and sustained flight on December 17, 1903.

Orville was born in Dayton, Ohio on August 19, 1871 and Wilbur was born near Millville, Indiana on April 16, 1867. They were born in a family of seven children. One day their father brought home a toy helicopter for his two younger sons. The toy was made of paper, bamboo and cork with a rubber band to twirl its rotor. The toy helicopter was about a foot long. Wilbur and Orville played with it until it broke, and then they built their own toy helicopter.

Due to unfavorable circumstances, Wright brothers could not complete their high school diploma. Oliver, with the help of Wilbur, started a printing business in 1889. Wilbur joined the print shop and served as editor of the weekly newspaper the West Side News. In 1892, they opened a bicycle sales and repair shop. There was a huge bicycle craze in the United States and they decided to manufacture their own brand of bicycle in 1896.

Wright brothers had lots of interest in flying. They used the income from bicycle and printing business to support their growing interest in flight. Wilbur took lead in collecting initial information to design their aircraft. Oliver joined his efforts in 1900.

In 1899, the Wright Brothers designed their first aircraft, a small biplane glider flown as a kite. This was done to test their solution for controlling the craft called wing warping. Wing warping is a method of arching the wingtips slightly to control the aircraft's rolling motion and balance.

In 1900, the Wright Brothers successfully tested their new 50-pound biplane glider with its 17-foot wingspan and wing-warping mechanism at Kitty Hawk, in both unmanned and piloted flights. Based upon the results, the Wrights now plan to refine the controls and landing gear, and build a bigger glider.

After months of studying Wright Brothers designed a motor and a new aircraft strong enough to accommodate the motor's weight and vibrations. The craft weighed 700 pounds and came to be known as the Flyer. Orville and Wilbur Wright made the first manned, powered flight on December 17, 1903. Orville experienced the thrill of flight when he felt the first lift of the wing of the small wood and canvas aircraft that would travel 120 feet in 12 seconds. The brothers' passion and spirit of discovery helped define our Nation and paved the way for future generations.
 
Question 1:
Why are Wright brothers famous?

for building first carfor building first television

for building first helicopterfor building first airplane
 
Question 2:
Where was Wilbur Wright born?

OhioIndiana

IndiaMichigan
 
Question 3:
When was Orville Wright born?

August 10, 1871April 16, 1867

August 19, 1871December 17, 1903.
 
Question 4:
When did Oliver Wright start printing business?

18891871

18801990
 
Question 5:
Where did the Wright Brothers test their 50-pound biplane glider?

MillvilleDayton

CharlotteKitty Hawk
 
Question 6:
For which newspaper did Wilbur serve as an editor?

West Side NewsWeekly News

East Side NewsHeadline News
 
Question 7:
When did the Wright brothers design their first aircraft?

19031899

19901989
 
Question 8:
___________ is a method of arching the wingtips slightly to control the aircraft's rolling motion and balance.

Wing wrappingAir warping

Wing warpingFlight warping
 
Question 9:
How much did the Flyer weigh?

17 pounds50 pounds

70 pounds700 pounds
 
Question 10:
Which of the following happened on December 17, 1903?

The Wright Brothers successfully tested their new 50-pound biplane glider.Wright brothers made the first manned, powered flight.

The Wright Brothers opened a bicycle sales and repair shop.The Wright Brothers designed their first aircraft.
 
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