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John Quincy Adams

No American who ever entered the presidency was better prepared to fill that office than John Quincy Adams. Born on July 11, 1767 in Braintree, Massachusetts, he was the son of two fervent revolutionary patriots, John and Abigail Adams, whose ancestors had lived in New England for five generations.

Abigail gave birth to her son two days before her prominent grandfather, Colonel John Quincy, died so the boy was named John Quincy Adams in his honor. Through the example of his father and mother the child learned the sacrifices that individuals need to make to preserve and protect the welfare of society. When John Quincy Adams was seven years old, his father traveled to New York to participate in the First Continental Congress. There, representatives from the American Colonies met to discuss their opposition to England's Colonial Government.

In 1775 a second Continental Congress was convened in Philadelphia to continue to debate the issue of independence. From Philadelphia John wrote to Abigail of the Congress' activities and of their duties, as parents, to educate a new generation of Americans. John Quincy's parents succeeded in their objective, for not soon after, the young Adams wrote that he was working hard on his studies and hoped "to grow a better boy." War soon forced young John to mature at even a more accelerated rate.

News quickly spread to the Adams farm in Braintree of the battles fought between the American Colonists and the British in Lexington and Concord, Massachusetts. Abigail and her son were eager to learn more about the progress of the war in order to inform John Adams in Philadelphia of the events that were transpiring in the Boston area.

On June 17, 1775 they were told a major battle was underway in Boston. Abigail took her son to the top of Penn's Hill, near their farm, and they watched the fires of Charlestown and heard the cannons roar from the Battle of Bunker Hill. Experiencing the battles of the Revolutionary War around Boston in 1775-1776, and reading his father's letters from Philadelphia about the struggle to declare independence, John Quincy Adams was literally a child of the American Revolution.

At age ten, John Quincy accompanied his father on a dangerous winter voyage to France. John Adams was sent to Europe as a Commissioner to negotiate for peace with Great Britain. He took his son on the diplomatic mission in order to give the boy international experience and provide for a second generation of enlightened leadership in U.S. foreign relations.

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Question 1
When was John Quincy Adams born?
A. July 9, 1767B. July 11, 1760
C. June 11, 1767D. July 11, 1767
Question 2
Who was Abigail Adam?
A. John Quincy Adams's motherB. John Quincy Adams's grandmother
C. John Quincy Adams's cousinD. John Quincy Adams's sister
Question 3
Where was John Quincy Adams born?
A. In LexingtonB. In Philadelphia
C. In BraintreeD. In New York City
Question 4
Who was Colonel John Quincy?
A. John Quincy Adams's fatherB. Abigail Adams's grandfather
C. John Adams's grandfatherD. Abigail Adams's father
Question 5
Why did representatives from the American Colonies meet in New York?
A. to discuss their opposition to France's Colonial Government B. to elect the president of the United States of America
C. to plan the Revolutionary War against FranceD. to discuss their opposition to England's Colonial Government
Question 6
How old was John Quincy Adams when he traveled to New York to participate in the First Continental Congress?
A. 17B. 7
C. 12D. 10
Question 7
When was the second Continental Congress assembled?
A. In 1776B. In 1767
C. In 1775D. In 1770
Question 8
Where was the second Continental Congress convened?
A. in PhiladelphiaB. in New York City
C. in BostonD. in Braintree
Question 9
The Revolutionary War in Boston was fought between _________________________.
A. British and French ColonistB. French Colonists and American Colonists
C. American Colonists and the IndiansD. American Colonists and the British
Question 10
Why did John Adams take his son John Quincy Adams on the diplomatic mission to France?
A. to show him great tourist places in FranceB. to give him better education
C. to give him international experienceD. to teach him French
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