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The following text/image is for 1 through 5
On March 16, 1978, the oil tanker the Amoco Cadiz ran aground on Portsall Rocks, three miles off the coast of Brittany due to failure of the steering mechanism. The vessel had been en route from the Arabian Gulf to Le Havre, France when it encountered stormy weather which contributed to the grounding. The entire cargo of 1,619,048 barrels, spilled into the sea. A slick 18 miles wide and 80 miles long polluted approximately 200 miles of Brittany coastline. Beaches of 76 different Breton communities were oiled. The isolated location of the grounding and rough seas restricted cleanup efforts for the two weeks following the incident. Severe weather resulted in the complete break up of the ship before any oil could be pumped out of the wreck. As mandated in the "Polmar Plan", the French Navy was responsible for all offshore operations while the Civil Safety Service was responsible for shore cleanup activities. Although the total quantity of collected oil and water reached 100,000 tons, less than 20,000 tons of oil were recovered from this liquid after treatment in refining plants.
Question 1
What was Amoco Cadiz?
A. a shipB. a sailboat
C. an oil companyD. an oil tanker
Question 2
Where was the Amoco Cadiz coming from?
A. Arabian GulfB. France
C. IranD. Britain
Question 3
What caused the Amoco Cadiz grounding?
A. failure of the brakesB. failure of the engine
C. failure of the steering mechanismD. failure of the operating cylinder
Question 4
According to the "Polmar Plan", who was responsible for all offshore operations?
A. the French GovernmentB. the French Civil Safety Service
C. the French Coast Guard ServiceD. the French Navy
Question 5
How much crude oil was the Amoco Cadiz carrying?
A. 1,619,048 barrelsB. 619,048 barrels
C. 100,000 tonsD. 119,048 barrels
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The following text/image is for 6 through 10
On August 10, 1993, at approximately 0545, the freighter Balsa 37, the barge Ocean 255, and the barge Bouchard 155 collided in the shipping channel west of the Skyway Sunshine Bridge south of Mullet Key in Tampa Bay, FL. MSO Tampa closed the port to vessel traffic. This collision caused three separate emergencies:
1.  The Balsa 37, which was carrying a cargo of phosphate rock, was severely damaged on the starboard side, was listing at an increasing rate, and was in danger of capsizing in the channel.
2.  The Ocean 255, which was loaded with jet fuel, gasoline, and a small amount of diesel fuel was burning out of control just south of Mullet Key.
3.  The Bouchard 155 was holed at the port bow spilling approximately 8,000 barrels of #6 fuel oil into Tampa Bay.
Stabilizing the vessels was the first priority of responders. By 2200 the Ocean 255 barge fire was extinguished and the GST was conducting cooling procedures and maintaining a fire watch. Lightering operations were well underway on the Bouchard 155 barge in preparation for moving it to dockage in the Port of Tampa where it would be cleaned before dry docking. The Balsa 37 was intentionally grounded outside the shipping channel to prevent it from capsizing and to open the channel for traffic while repairs and stability evaluations were conducted
Question 6
What was the Balsa 37 carrying?
A. jet fuelB. phosphate rock
C. crude oilD. gasoline
Question 7
Which bay was affected by the oil spill?
A. Florida BayB. East Bay
C. Tampa BayD. Palm Bay
Question 8
Which tank was grounded outside the shipping channel to prevent it from capsizing?
A. The barge Ocean 255B. The Balsa 55
C. The Balsa 37D. The barge Bouchard 155
Question 9
What caused the spilling of oil into the bay?
A. the holes in the operation cylinder of the Bouchard 155B. the holes in the engine of the barge Ocean 255
C. the breakage in the control valve of the Bouchard 155D. the holes in the port bow of the Bouchard 155
Question 10
What was the first priority of responders?
A. cleaning the bayB. stabilizing the vessels
C. cleaning the vesselsD. recovering the oil from the water
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