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Andrew Jackson

Andrew Jackson was elected President of the United States of America in 1829. As President, he sought to act as the direct representative of the common person.

Born in a backwoods settlement in the Carolinas in 1767, he received sporadic education. But in his late teens he read law for about two years, and he became an outstanding young lawyer in Tennessee. Fiercely jealous of his honor, he engaged in brawls, and in a duel killed a man who cast an unjustified slur on his wife Rachel.

Jackson prospered sufficiently to buy slaves and to build a mansion, the Hermitage, near Nashville. He was the first man elected from Tennessee to the House of Representatives, and he served briefly in the Senate. A major general in the War of 1812, Jackson became a national hero when he defeated the British at New Orleans.

In 1824, some state political factions rallied around Jackson; by 1828, enough had joined him to win numerous state elections and control of the Federal administration in Washington.

In his first Annual Message to Congress, Jackson recommended eliminating the Electoral College. Jackson believed Government duties could be "so plain and simple" that offices should rotate among deserving applicants.

Andrew Jackson's policies divided the old Republican Party. Two parties grew out of the old Republican Party. The Democratic Republicans, or Democrats, adhered to Jackson; and the National Republicans, or Whigs, opposed him.

Andrew Jackson's leadership style made him somewhat unpopular. Hostile cartoonists portrayed him as King Andrew I. Behind accusations by his opponents lay the fact that Jackson, unlike previous Presidents, did not defer to Congress in policy-making but used his power of the veto and his party leadership to assume command.

The greatest party battle centered around the Second Bank of the United States. It was established as a private corporation but in fact, it was virtually a Government-sponsored monopoly. When Jackson appeared hostile toward it, the Bank threw its power against him. Clay and Webster, who had acted as attorneys for the Bank, led the fight in Congress. Jackson charged the Bank with undue economic privilege. He won approval from the American electorate; in 1832, he polled more than 56 percent of the popular vote and almost five times as many electoral votes as Clay.

In January of 1832, while the President was dining with friends at the White House, someone whispered to him that the Senate had rejected the nomination of Martin Van Buren as Minister to England. Jackson jumped to his feet and exclaimed, "By the Eternal! I'll smash them!" So he did. His favorite, Van Buren, became Vice President, and succeeded to the Presidency when "Old Hickory" retired to the Hermitage, where he died in June 1845.

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Question 1
Where did Andrew Jackson work as lawyer?
A. North CarolinaB. Tennessee
C. KentuckyD. Illinois
Question 2
Where did Andrew Jackson build a mansion?
A. near MemphisB. near Nashville
C. near NantucketD. near Rochester
Question 3
Which fact about Andrew Jackson is CORRECT?
A. He was the first man to become lawyer from TennesseeB. He was the first man elected from Tennessee to the Supreme Court
C. He was the first man elected from Tennessee to the House of RepresentativesD. He was the first man to buy slaves and build a mansion in Tennessee
Question 4
What did Andrew Jackson do during the war of 1812?
A. defeated the French at New OrleansB. killed a man who cast an unjustified slur on his wife Rachel
C. defeated the British at New OrleansD. won approval from the American electorate
Question 5
Andrew Jackson was also known as ____________________.
A. Old HickoryB. Young Hickory
C. Old BuckD. Old Zack
Question 6
Who was Martin Van Buren?
A. Andrew Jackson's cousinB. Andrew Jackson's Vice President
C. President of USA before Andrew JacksonD. Prime Minister of England
Question 7
What did Andrew Jackson's policies do to the old Republican Party?
A. it united the old Republican PartyB. it eleminated the old Republican Party
C. it divided the old Republican PartyD. it strengthened the Republican Party
Question 8
Why did cartoonists portrayed Andrew Jackson as King Andrew I?
A. because his opponent tried to defame himB. because his leadership style made him unpopular
C. because he used to live in a castleD. because his leadership style made him popular among people
Question 9
When did Andrew Jackson die?
A. in 1837B. in 1854
C. in 1832D. in 1845
Question 10
What charges did Andrew Jackson lay against the Second Bank of the United States?
A. with guarding private corporationsB. with unjustified economic freedom
C. with mortgage loan fraud and forgeryD. with theft
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