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Albert Einstein


Albert Einstein was born at Ulm, in Württemberg, Germany, on March 14, 1879. His father was Hermann Einstein, a salesman and engineer. His mother was Pauline Einstein. Although Albert had early speech difficulties, he was a top student in elementary school. Einstein's native language was German, and he later learned Italian and English.

In 1880, the family moved to Munich, where he later on began his schooling at the Luitpold Gymnasium. Later, the family moved to Italy and Albert continued his education at Aarau, Switzerland. In 1896, he entered the Swiss Federal Polytechnic School in Zurich to be trained as a teacher in physics and mathematics. In 1901, the year he gained his diploma, he acquired Swiss citizenship and, as he was unable to find a teaching post, he accepted a position as technical assistant in the Swiss Patent Office. While he was working there, he wrote the papers that made him famous as a great scientist. In 1905 he obtained his doctor's degree.

Just before the start of World War I, he moved back to Germany. There he became director of a school. He lived in Berlin until the Nazi government came to power. Nazis and German physicists tried to prove that his theories were wrong. Einstein moved to the United States, and in 1940 he became a United States citizen.

His theories about light, matter, gravity, space, and time made him famous. His theories help scientists to understand these things much better than they had before. His theories are called the theory of special relativity and the theory of general relativity. His most famous equation is E = mc2. It means that the amount of energy in a piece of mass is equal to the amount of the mass multiplied by the speed of light times itself. Einstein always appeared to have a clear view of the problems of physics. He also had a great determination to solve the problems of physics. He had a strategy of his own and was able to visualize the main stages on the way to his goal. He considered his major achievements as stepping-stones for the next advance.
Albert Einstein received honorary doctorate degrees in science, medicine and philosophy from many European and American universities. During the 1920's he lectured in Europe, America and the Far East. He was awarded Fellowships or Memberships of all the leading scientific academies throughout the world. He gained numerous awards in recognition of his work, including the Copley Medal in 1925 and the Franklin Medal in 1935.
Einstein died on April 18, 1955 of heart disease.
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Question 1
What was the native language of Albert Einstein?
A. EnglishB. German
C. ItalianD. Swiss
Question 2
What was the profession of Albert Einstein's father?
A. TeacherB. Doctor
C. SingerD. Engineer
Question 3
When did Albert Einstein become the citizen of the United States?
A. 1944B. 1920
C. 1940D. 1912
Question 4
Which of the following did Albert Einstein receive at Swiss Federal Polytechnic School?
A. Diploma in medicine.B. Teaching diploma in Physics and Chemistry.
C. Teaching diploma in Geography.D. Teaching diploma in Physics and Mathematics.
Question 5
What made Albert Einstein famous?
A. His theories about Origin of Species.B. His theories about light, matter, gravity and space.
C. His services during World War I.D. His theories about the origin of the Earth.
Question 6
Where did Albert Einstein work as a director of the school?
A. ItalyB. Switzerland
C. USAD. Germany
Question 7
Which area did Albert Einstein NOT receive an honorary doctorate degree?
A. ScienceB. Medicine
C. AstronomyD. Philosophy
Question 8
When did Albert Einstein receive his Diploma in teaching physics and mathematics?
A. 1940B. 1905
C. 1901D. 1889
Question 9
Where did Albert Einstein work after receiving his teaching diploma?
A. Swiss Patent OfficeB. Swiss Federal Polytechnic School
C. Luitpold GymnasiumD. Aarau Patent Office
Question 10
When did Albert Einstein receive Franklin Medal?
A. 1925B. 1955
C. 1935D. 1932
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